STERN, BEZALEL (1798–1853), educator and pioneer of the haskalah in southern Russia. Stern, who was born in Tarnopol, Galicia, was educated in the school of josef perl , where he later taught for ten years. During the late 1820s he was invited by the community of Odessa, which was headed by natives of Galicia (the "Brodyists"), to become director of the Jewish school which had been founded in 1826 by a group of moderate maskilim led by Simḥah Pinsker and Isaac Hurwitz. Under Stern's direction, the institution expanded, the number of its classes was increased from four to six, sections for boys and girls were opened, and the number of pupils rose to 400. Stern instituted changes in the curriculum by expanding instruction in the sciences and languages (German and Russian) at the expense of Jewish studies. He rapidly won the approval of the Russian maskilim, who corresponded with him on the subject of changes and reforms in the life of the Jews of the country. The Orthodox elements of the community were opposed to these changes, but Stern relied on the support which he received from the municipal authorities, particularly from Governor-General Vorontsov. In 1837 Nicholas I visited the school and expressed his satisfaction with the institution's course of studies. In spite of this, when the government decided to establish a network of governmental schools for the Jews, max lilienthal , a newcomer to Russia, was appointed to supervise the project. This aroused the anger of Stern, who refused to collaborate with Lilienthal. In 1843 Stern was appointed member of the commission which was to ratify the curriculum of the Jewish governmental schools. The other members of the commission were R. Isaac b. Ḥayyim Volozhiner , head of the yeshivah of Volozhin, R. menahem mendel schneersohn , the leader of Ḥabad Ḥasidism, and Israel Heilperin, an Orthodox banker of Berdichev. Stern represented the maskilim but his influence was equivalent to that of all his colleagues because he enjoyed the support of the government. In 1852 Stern was dismissed from his position as director of the Jewish school and its administration was assumed by Christian inspectors. In addition to his educational activities, Stern also took an interest in Jewish history and archaeology. He maintained relations with abraham firkovich . He also occupied himself with the problems of the Jewish community, as shown by his memorandum on the collection of the meat tax (korobka ) in Odessa. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: S.M. Stanislavski, in: Voskhod, 4 (1884); O.M. Lerner, Yevrei v malorossiyskoy kraye (1901); A. Druyanow, Pinsker u-Zemanno (1953), 9–10, 20; P. Friedman, in: Fun Noentn Over, 2 (1938), 99. (Yehuda Slutsky)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bezalel Stern — ist der Name von: Bezalel Stern (Pädagoge) (1798–1853), russischer jüdischer Pädagoge Bezalel Stern (Schriftsteller) (* 1980), amerikanischer jüdischer Schriftsteller Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit de …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Stern (Familienname) — Stern ist ein Familienname. Namensträger Inhaltsverzeichnis A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bezalel — ist ein hebräischer Name ( im Schatten Gottes ). Biblische Gestalt In der Bibel ist Bezalel ein angesehener Kunsthandwerker, der von Mose beauftragt wird, das Heiligtum des Wüstenzuges auszustatten. Im Buche Exodus 35,30 heißt es zu ihm: Dann… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bezalel Stern (Pädagoge) — Bezalel Stern (* 1798 in Tarnopol, Galizien; † 15. März 1853 in Odessa) war ein russischer Pädagoge. Leben Er eignete sich im Selbstunterricht umfassende Kenntnisse der alten und verschiedener moderner Sprachen an und wurde 1828 zum Direktor der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • STERN, JACK — (1926– ), U.S. Reform rabbi. Stern was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, and received a B.A. at the University of Cincinnati in 1948. In 1952, he was ordained at hebrew union college , which awarded him an honorary D.D. in 1977. After ordination, he… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • STERN, MALCOLM HENRY — (1915–1984), U.S. Reform rabbi, historian, genealogist. Stern, who has been called the father of Jewish genealogy in America, was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He received his B.A. from the University of Pennsylvania in 1935, and was… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • STERN, CHAIM — (1930–2001) U.S., Reform rabbi, liturgist. Stern, acknowledged as the foremost liturgist of Reform Judaism, was born in Brooklyn, New York. He studied in Orthodox yeshivot as a child, but the Holocaust caused him to become   far more secular than …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Bezalel Stern (writer) — Infobox Writer imagesize = 150px name = Bezalel Stern caption = birthdate = 1980s birthplace = Silver Spring, MD deathdate = deathplace = occupation = Poet nationality = flagicon|US American period = 2004 present genre = Poetry, Literary… …   Wikipedia

  • Friedel Stern — (hebräisch ‏פרידל שטרן‎‎; * 1917 in Leipzig; † 29. Oktober 2006 in Tel Aviv) war eine israelische Karikaturistin. Ihre Mutter sorgte dafür, dass Friedel Stern, die eines ihrer vier Kinder war, aufgrund des Besuches zionistischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Deganit Stern Schocken — Prof. Deganit Stern Schocken is an Israeli jewelry artist. [1] Schocken was born in Amir, Israel, a kibbutz in northern Israel. She earned a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree from Bezalel Academy of Art and Design in Jerusalem, and studied four years… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.